Art / Science / Travel

Far Away is Always Close at Hand: The David Rumsey Map Collection

Famous Flights

Whether hiking the Appalachian Trail or trying to find Macy’s at the mall, where would we be without maps? Well … probably lost. Maps help locate us and get us from point A to B.

They’re perfect for presenting lots of information in one graphic image, and by definition maps must be functional. But do they have to be dull, confusing, number-laden sources of frustration? Of course they don’t. And nowhere that I know makes this point better than the David Rumsey Map Collection website.

Roads to Romance Map

Rumsey, one of the most enthusiastic and altruistic map collectors on the planet, has accumulated over 150,000 historical maps, 60,000 of which have been scanned and put online for free access at his excellent website. Not only are these high resolution maps available for review, but they can also be downloaded for personal, non-commercial use.

Mexico

“Maps hold a clue to what makes us human. Certainly, they relate our history. They reflect our best and worst attributes – discovery and curiosity, conflict and destruction. Even as individuals, we seem to have a need to plot a path and track our progress, to imagine possibilities of exploration and escape.” —Simon Garfield, On the Map

Celestial Atlas by Ignace Gaston Pardies, published in 1693. This is 1 of 6 pages and is: “one of the most stunning

Celestial Atlas by Ignace Gaston Pardies, published in 1693. This is 1 of 6 pages and is one of the most stunning.

I wouldn’t call myself a map geek, but my professional training and years of travel have instilled a keen interest in historical maps. For me, a visit to Rumsey’s website is like walking into a dusty, old bookshop or an old-fashioned hardware store. I know there must something there I need, and it only takes a bit of poking around to find it.

world atlas

World Atlas by Joan Blaeu published in 1695. In addition to the continents, Bacchus and the gang make this map great fun to inspect.

The scanned maps are very high resolution which makes it possible to zoom in for incredible detail and study.

Quaker Oats Illustrated Dog Map of the world - zoom in for wonderful summary characteristics of each breed.

Quaker Oats Illustrated Dog Map of the world – zoom in for wonderful summary characteristics of each breed.

The combination of rich detail, unbelievable variety and free online access, makes the website a marvelous trove for everyone – from the mildly curious to map wonks.

Radio-Telephone services from London in 1935. “They take the rustic murmur of their bourg, For the great wave that echoes round the world.” —Tennyson

Radio-Telephone services from London in 1935.
“They take the rustic murmur of their bourg,
For the great wave that echoes round the world.” —Tennyson

In his scholarly A History of the World in 12 Maps Jerry Brotton said, “Perhaps the best metaphorical description of maps was graffitied in 45-centimeter letters on a wall next to the railway line approaching Paddington Station in London:

“Far away is close at hand in images of elsewhere.”

Wireless Stations: A 1939 map of wireless stations in the UK. Right before the outbreak of WWII, these stations were a very big deal. Note: North is on the right, not at the top.

A 1939 map of wireless stations in the UK. Right before the outbreak of WWII, these stations were a very big deal. Note: North is on the right, not at the top.

“A metaphor, like a map, involves carrying something across from one place to another. Maps are always images of elsewhere, imaginatively transporting their viewers to faraway, unknown places, recreating distance in the palm of your hand. Consulting a world map ensures that faraway is always close at hand.”

TWA poster: from 1946 showing TWA’s principle routes. Note the mythological and zodiac scenes, as well as details from each country

TWA poster from 1946 showing TWA’s principle routes. Note the mythological and zodiac scenes, as well as details from each country

If you have even a sliver of interest in historical maps, you owe it to yourself to visit this fun and informative website. But block out some time; you may be there a while.

Happy Trails,
James

P.S. Google has teamed up with Rumsey and their joint Geogarage project has wonderful map overlays of old maps overlaid on present-day city maps. This is an interactive map of New York City in 1936. Try the cool slider in the upper right corner.

Plan of washington, DC 1795

Washington, DC: First plan of Washington, D.C. published in 1795. Note the White House is labeled “President’s House.”

45 thoughts on “Far Away is Always Close at Hand: The David Rumsey Map Collection

  1. This is amazing! I love maps, my favorite being the ones I’ve used during a trip to a new city. It ends up folded in strange creases with notes here and there correcting this and that on the map for future uses. Sometimes I look back at them and I see an asterisk or a line and I wonder, what was that for? I go back through my pictures and see what landmark I was marking and sometimes it’s better than a picture or a journal entry because the wear and tear on the map gives me the impression of my trip. Great post. Thanks for sharing!

    • I’m happy to hear that someone else does this with their maps. We spent a month in Athens, and I had a map that was folded, re-folded, and so annotated that I had to use duct tape to hold it together. It had so much great info on it that I couldn’t replace it and start over. ~James

    • Chris, I felt the same way when I found this site. BTW, I discovered the Rumsey collection in the book “Maphead” by Ken Jennings. This is an interesting, funny, and informative book about maps and their history that you might want to check out. ~James

    • FYI Jeff, I don’t know if you noticed, but you can buy prints of any of their maps, which I also think is fabulous. I’m considering framing a couple but haven’t decided which ones yet. ~James

  2. Before I tour a town, I usually visit several map sites and I have 2 spiral bound state maps. Despite plotting the best route to maximize my coverage of a town, I almost always find myself frustrated at seasonal, closed or private roads. Even my GPS can send me on a goose chase! I’ve often thought google maps or mapquest should hire me to inform them of roads that “AREN’T”. I love the artistic flare of the old maps!

    • Laura, it’s obvious from these old maps that most of these early cartographers were also artists. In addition to the art, the political messages are interesting. I love going to old maps of cities that I know and seeing their growth over the years. And I’ve often wondered why GPS companies don’t have a program where users can submit mistakes and corrections. People like you would be a great resource. ~James

  3. James I will confess I am a terrible map reader. The invention of GPS ranks right up there with that of Penicillin in my books. Without it I might be left for dead driving or walking about some foreign to me location. Having said that I like these more interesting maps. Like Jeff the one of Mexico is my top pick.

    • Sue, I agree. Without question, GPS technology is brilliant! Terri and I don’t argue over much, but in the pre-GPS days there were quite a few disputes in our car between driver/navigator. I also love GPS as an exploration tool. If I see something interesting, I always make a turn to check it out, because with GPS it’s almost impossible to get lost, and I can always get back on track. ~James

  4. Like Sue, I am also a terrible map reader. I do however love looking at old maps and maps with pictures included! This looks like an amazing site. Thanks for bringing it to our attention.

  5. These maps are amazing! Thanks for the tip on this website. We love maps, particularly Terry, so I see hours of enjoyment in our future. 🙂

    • I’m sure that you’ll both love it LuAnn. I find that with all the variety, it’s very easy to get sidetracked. I’ll be looking for one thing, stumble into a cool map on a totally different topic, and off I go. It’s truly an interesting, useful, and astounding collection. ~James

  6. Have been AAA member for decades – for the maps, not the road side service although that has helped too.
    Found in the UK, the GPS frequently got you from point A to B but over roads that would have been better avoided.

    • Thanks for the comment and for dropping by the blog. GPS is truly a technological marvel that has made a huge difference in our lives. But having said that, I still find there are times when I question a route and look at a paper map. Terri’s question is: “James are you arguing with the GPS?” ~James

  7. Thank you! I can’t wait to use this site with my class this year. I love maps, but it’s nearly impossible to generate enthusiasm from 5th graders with the old roll down wall map that I’ve drawn all over!
    Love to you both!

    • Thanks Anita. I’m so glad you can use this wonderful website. I’m sure that for a clever teacher like you it will be a goldmine for cool and interesting stuff. And with a little slight of hand, the kids might even learn something – even 5th graders. Love to all the Indy crowd as well. ~James

  8. And just like that, David Rumsey’s collection shall be the black hole into which my productivity will be sucked! Thank you, James! 😉 These are all so fascinating (especially the dog map of the world), and I could spend hours dissecting the ones you’ve shared in the post. We have a standard world map up in our house, and even that relatively dull map has held me for many an afternoon… every time I look at a map, I feel like I learn something new. Thank you for the informative share!

    • Miranda, I’m not the least bit surprised that you enjoy maps (bless your heart), and I promise that this website will be a goldmine. The only problem that I have with this collection is staying on task. I have an idea and in my search I stumble onto something really cool and interesting, and off I go. But, this is a good problem to have. I’m surprised that the collection hasn’t gotten more notice, and I hope that my post will help in a very small way. ~James

    • Thanks Susan. One of the cool things about the Rumsey collection and website is that you can get as serious and academic as you want, or as fun and fictional. When I discovered this site, I just knew that our ramblin’ readers had to know about it. ~James

    • In my efforts to lead a downsized and simplified lifestyle I’ve deliberately avoided collecting anything. But, if I were a collector, old maps would be at the top of my list. I particularly like old city maps of places I’ve lived. BTW, the Rumsey website sells prints of their maps and the prices aren’t too bad. ~James

      • Thanks for the info. I will check it out! I remember visiting an antique map store in Napa once and was blown away by the prices. But they were real and not reproduced.

  9. Where would we be without maps? I spend an awful lot of time poring over satelite maps both before and after my walks. Plotting routes, working out where I went wrong and got lost, checking distances and the relationships between landmarks. None of this is possible down on the ground. Those beautiful old maps go a step further though, turning a tool into an art form.

    • Well said Marie, well said. I could pull this comment out and put it right in the middle of this post, and it would be perfect. When I wander, whether at home or abroad, I feel almost naked and helpless without some sort of map. There are small villages where getting lost is fun, but a map in my pocket ensures that I can always find my way again. ~James

  10. Thanks for this link! You’re right. I’ve already gobbled up some time looking at these fabulous maps, and haven’t scratched the surface. I also love old maps framed as art — and booths at antique shows with these old gems are some of my favorites. Great idea for a post!

    • Thanks Rusha. As I said to someone else, I’m not a collector, but if I collected anything, it would be maps. Any kind of old map is interesting to me, because they show not only changes in the place but also changes in our state of knowledge and our perceptions of ourselves and others. And even though maps must be accurate, ultimately they are subjective in design. Very interesting. ~James

    • Jo, the amazing thing about this collection is its depth and variety. Every time I visit, I stumble on yet another delightful and interesting surprise. I especially enjoy the overlay of old maps on new maps. A truly unique collection and website. In my view, Rumsey should be knighted. ~James

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